Archive | August 2014

Rayaru in Srirangaapatna


One of the many places that Raghavendra Swamy or Rayaru (1595-1671) stayed in during his sanchara or pilgrimage in south India was Srirangapatna, an island town, just 30 minutes away from the royal city of Mysore.

Srirangapatna in the seventeenth century was a much bigger town than Mysore and it was the capitals of the Wodeyars. It was sometime in 1610 that Raja Wodeyar had defeated Tirumala Raya, the Viceroy of  Srirangapatna, and made it his capital.

Since then Srirangapatna had continued to be the capital of the Wodeyars. In  1659 Dodda Deva Raja, also known as Dodda Kempa Deva Raja, ascended the throne in Srirangapatna.

A little after Dodda Deva Raya came to the throne, Raghavendra Swamy decided to take a tour of all the holy places in south India and he set out from Kumbakonam for this purpose. Kumbakonam was the headquarters of the Srimatha that Rayaru headed.

Raghavendra Swamy had taken over as the head of the Sri Matha after his ashrama guru, Sudhindra Thertha had entered Brindavana in Nava Brindavana near Hampi in 1621.

Rayaru started from Kumbakonam and he visited several towns and cities s where he gave discourses, performed innumerable miracles and spread the message of Madhwacharya. He reached Nanjangud, which was part of the Wodeyar Kingdom.

When news of his arrival reached Dodda Deva Raja Wodeyar, the King hurried to Nanjangud with his officials and  gave a ceremonial welcome to Rayaru.

Dodda Deva Raja was the fourth son of Prince Devarajendra Wodeyar, by his second wife, Kempamamba Ammani Avaru. He was imprisoned with his father at Hengul Fort in 1638, the year of incumbency of his cousin Kantirava Narsaraja, the first. He was adopted and appointed heir apparent with title Yuvaraja on July 28, 1659. He succeeded his cousin on the latter’s death on July 31, 1659, and was installed on the Mysore throne on August 19, 1659.

Dodda Deva Raja met Raghavendra Swamy and entreated him to come to his capital of Srirangapatna. Rayaru realsied that Vijendra Theertha, his parama guru had visited Srirangapatna. He also recalled that Vibhudendra Theertha had also visited Srirangapatna.

Raghavendra Swamy

But as it was the month of Ashada, Raghavendra Swamy wanted to stay at one place and observe Chaturmasa Vrata. When King Dodda Deva Raja Wodeyar learnt about it, he repeatedly requested Raghavendra Swamy to come over to Srirangapatna and observe Chaturmasa in the capital.

Raghavendra Swamy agreed to the King’s request and set out for Srirangapatna. Once again,  the King gave a magnificent reception to Rayaru and welcomed him into the capital.

The King met Rayaru on the outskirts of Srirangapaatna and escorted him into Srirangapatna. Rayaru then performed pooje at the palace of the King (This palace no longer exists as it was deliberately pulled down by Tipu Sultan).

Since it was Ekadashi (Monday, July 6), Raghavendra Swamy gave theertha to everyone, including the King. He blessed everybody before going to the Ranganathaswamy Temple.

The King then gifted Nallur villge, which is also called as Devarajapura near Sargur to Raghavendra Swamy.  He also gifted gold and ornaments to the seer who dedicated them to his beloved Moola Rama.

After completing his Chaturmasa at Srirangapatna, Raghavendra Swamy left for Chitradurga where he gave moksha to one of his disciples.

A seer’s tribute to Rayaru


There have been thousands of  scholars, posts, composers and Dasasaa who have written about Raghavendra Swamy, the saint of Mantralaya, his life and times.

Since the works on Raghavendra Swamy, who is affectionately called Rayaru, is voluminous and extensive, there are many compositions and even composers whose works remain in the background.

Many seers of the Mantralaya Raghavendra Swamy Matha and other mathas have composed  songs on Rayaru. One such is Vishvendre Theertha.

Vishvendra Theertha was the pontiff of the Sode Matha, which is one of the asta or eight mathas  of Udupi founded by Madhwacharya himself to take care of the Udupi Krishna Temple.

The Sode matha has a hoary history and before Vadiraja Theertha (1480-1600), it was known as Kumbasi Matha. The first pontiff of the matha is Vishnu Theerth, the brother of Madhwacharya.

The 34th pontiff of the Sode matha was Vishvendre Thertha. He was given deekshe by Vishvadishe Thertha. He was a great devotee of Raghavendra Swamy.

This is one of  his composition on Rayaru. The lyrics are in Kannada. His ankita was Rajesh Hayamukha. (Hayamukha here means horse face and the seer adopted this ankita in honour of Hayavadana-the God that Vadiraja Theertha worshipped).

 

 

ವರ ಮಂತ್ರಾಲಯದೊಳು ಘನವಾಗಿ ನೆಲಸಿರ್ಪ |
ಪರಮ ಸದ್ಗುರುವರ್ಯ ಶ್ರೀರಾಘವೇಂದ್ರ ||ಪ||

ಭುವನಾದ್ರಿಯೋಳಗುದುಭವಿಸುತ್ತ ರವಿಯಂತೆ |
ತವಕದಿಂ ದಿನದಿನವು ತೇಜವನು ಬೆಳಗುವೆ ||೧||

ನರನಂತೆ ಮೆರೆಯುವ ಜಯಮುನಿಕೃತ ಶಾಸ್ತ್ರ |
ಪರಿಮಳವನು ನೀನು ಪಸರಿಸಿದೆಯಲ್ಲವೆ ||೨||

ಮಧ್ವಮತವೆಂಬ ದುಗ್ಧಸಾಗರದೊಳು |
ಉದ್ಭವಿಸಿದ ಪೂರ್ಣಹಿಮಕರ ತೇಜ ||೩||

ಅಸುರನಂದನನಾಗಿ ನರಹರಿಯನೆ ಕಂಡ |
ವ್ಯಾಸರಿವರು ಸಿರಿಗುರು ರಾಘವೇಂದ್ರ ||೪||

ರಾಜೇಶ ಹಯಮುಖ ಭಜಕರೊಳಗೆ ನೀನು |
ರಾಜಿಪ ಸುರತರುವಂತಿರ್ಪೆ ಗುರುವೆ ||೫||

 

 

The English lyrics of the composition are as follows:

vara maMtraalayadoLu Ganavaagi nelasirpa |
parama sadguruvarya shrIraaghavEMdra ||pa||

bhuvanaadriyOLagudubhavisutta raviyaMte |
tavakadiM dinadinavu tEjavanu beLaguve ||1||

naranaMte mereyuva jayamunikRuta shaastra |
parimaLavanu nInu pasarisideyallave ||2||

madhvamataveMba dugdhasaagaradoLu |
udbhavisida pUrNahimakara tEja ||3||

asuranaMdananaagi narahariyane kaMDa |
vyaasarivaru siriguru raaghavEMdra ||4||

raajEsha hayamukha bhajakaroLage nInu |
raajipa surataruvaMtirpe guruve ||5||

Dasappa’s tribute to Rayaru


Gopala Dasa (1722-1762) is one of the prominent figures of Haridasa Sahitya or Dasa sahitya movement.

Born as Bhaganna in Mosarkallu near Devaadurga of Raichur district, he experienced severe poverty during his childhood. He came to Uthanuru where he stayed in the temple of Prana Devaru with his mother, Venkamma, and his brothers, Seenapppa, Dasappa and Rangappa.

He was a disciple of Vijaya dasa who set him on the path of Hari bhakti.

 He initially composed poems under the ankita Venkatakrishna. Later on, he wrote under the name of Gopala Vittala.

Gopala Dasa gave Deekshe to all his three brothers who became composers of note. Seenappa became Varada Gopala Vittala, Dasappa became Guru Gopala Vittala, while Rangappa was given the ankita Tande Gopala Vittala.

Here are some of the works of  Dasappa or Guru Gopala Vittaala. All the songs are on Raghavendra Swamy. Needless to say,  Dasappa was an ardent devotee of Rayaru.

 

ಮುನಿಗಳ ನೋಡಿರೊ – ಭಕುತಿ ಜ್ಞಾನಧನವ ಬೇಡಿರೊ

 

ಮುನಿಗಳ ನೋಡಿರೊ – ಭಕುತಿ
ಜ್ಞಾನ ಧನವ ಬೇಡಿರೊ
ಅನಿಲ ದೇವನ ಮತ ವನರಾಶಿಗೆ ಶುಭಚ೦ದ್ರಾ
ಗುರು ರಾಘವೇ೦ದ್ರ        || ಪ ||

ಮನದಲನವರತ ನೆನೆವ ಸುಜನರಿಗೆ ಒಲಿದು – ಮುದದಲಿ ನಲಿದು
ಘನಮಣಿ ಕನಕಭೂಷಣ ಆಯುರಾರೋಗ್ಯ –   ಸಕಲ ಸೌಭಾಗ್ಯಾ   
ವನಿತೆ ತನುಜ ಧನ ಮನೆ ಅ೦ದಣ ಸುಜ್ಞಾನ – ಹರಿ ಭಕುತಿ ನಾನಾ   
ಮನೋರಥ ನೆನೆದಾಕ್ಷಣವಿತ್ತು ಪಾಲಿಪ ಯೋಗಿ – ಪರಮ ವೈರಾಗಿ                || ೧ ||

ಜನಕ ಜಾಮೂತನ ಗುಣಕ್ರಿಯರೂಪಗಳೆಲ್ಲಾ – ಧೇನಿಸಬಲ್ಲ
ಜನಕಾದಿಗಳ೦ದದಿ ನಿಸ್ಸ೦ಗದಿ ಮೌನಿ – ಅಪರೋಕ್ಷ ಜ್ಞಾನಿ
ಜನಕ ಸುತರ ಪೊರೆವ೦ದದಿ ಭಕ್ತರ ಪೊರೆವ – ಜಗದೊಳು ಮೆರೆವ
ಜನನ ರಹಿತ ಜಗಜ್ಜನನಾದಿ ಕಾರಣ ಹರಿಯಾ – ಒಲಿಸಿದ ಪಿರಿಯಾ   ||೨||
   
ಭೂತಪ್ರೇತ ದ್ವಿಜಗ್ರಹ ಪೈಶಾಚ ಭೇತಾಳ – ಉಗ್ರಗ್ರಹಗಳ
ಭೀತಿಯಿ೦ದಲಿ ಅನ್ಯತ್ರತರ ಕಾಣದೆ ಬ೦ದಾ – ಜನರ ದಯದಿ೦ದ
ತಾ ತವಕದಿ ಪಾದತೋಯದಿ೦ದೋಡಿಸಿ – ಭಯವನು ಬಿಡಿಸಿ
ಶ್ವೇತ ಕುಷ್ಠ ಪಿತ್ತ ಸೀತ ವಾತರೋಗಗಳ ಕಳೆವಾ – ಕೀರ್ತಿಲಿ ಪೊಳೆವಾ                || ೩ ||

ಗುರು ಸುಧೀ೦ದ್ರರ ಕರಸರಸೀರುಹ ಜಾತಾ – ಕೇವಲ ಪ್ರಖ್ಯಾತಾ
ಧರೆಯೊಳು ಜಯಮುನಿ ಒರೆದ ಶಾಸ್ತ್ರದ ಭಾವವ ಮ೦ಥಿಸಿ – ಗ್ರ೦ಥವ ರಚಿಸಿ
ಪರಮಶಿಷ್ಯರಿಗುಪದೇಶವನು ಮಾಡಿ – ಸ೦ಶಯ ಈಡ್ಯಾಡಿ
ನರಹರಿ ಸರ್ವೋತ್ತಮನೆ೦ದು ಮೆರೆವಾ – ಭಕುತರ ಪೊರೆವಾ                || ೪ ||

ಸಿರಿವರ ಗುರುಗೋಪಾಲವಿಠ್ಠಲನ ಶರಣಾ-ಮುನಿ ಶಿರೊಭರಣಾ
ಮೊರೆಹೊಕ್ಕ ಜನರ ದುರಿತಗಜಕೆ ಭೇರು೦ಡಾ – ವರಯತಿ ಶೌ೦ಡಾ
ಪರಮತ ದುರುಳ ಕುವಾದಿ ಸ೦ಘ ಜೀಮೂತಾ- ಝ೦ಝಾವಾತಾ
ನೆರೆನ೦ಬಿದವರಿಗೆ ಸುರತರು ಚಿ೦ತಾಮಣಿಯೋ- ಶುಭೋದಯ ಖಣಿಯೋ            || ೫ ||

 

 

ಶರಣು ಶರಣು ರಾಘವೇ೦ದ್ರ ಗುರುರಾಯಾ

ಶರಣು ಶರಣು ರಾಘವೇ೦ದ್ರ ಗುರುರಾಯಾ
ಶರಣು ಶರಣು ಕವಿಗೇಯ
ಶರಣು ಮಾರುತಮತಶರಧಿ ಅತ್ರಿತನಯ
ಧರಣಿ ವಿಬುಧ ಜನಪ್ರೀಯ            || ಪ ||

ಅನಾದಿಕಾಲದಿ ಎನಗೆ ಶ್ರೀಹರಿ ತಾನು   
ನಾನಾ ದೇಹ ದೇಶ ಕಾಲದಲಿ   
ತಾನೆ ಇಚ್ಚಿಸಿ ಮಾಡಿದ ಮರಿಯಾದಿಯು   
ನಾನರಿತವನಲ್ಲ ಗುರುವೆ   
ಎನೇನು ವಿಘ್ನಗಳು೦ಟು ಪರಿಹರಿಸಿ
ನೀನೆ ಪಾಲಿಸಬೇಕು ಕರುಣಿ        || ೧ ||

ಹಸ್ತಿಮಜ್ಜನದ೦ತೆ ಕರ್ಮಾದಿ ಕರ್ಮನಿ
ರಸ್ತವಾದುದು ಅಬಲರಿಗೆ
ಗ್ರಸ್ತವಾಗಿದೆ ಮನ ವಿಶಯದಿ ಮೊದಲಿ೦ದು
ದುಸ್ತರವವನಿಗೆ ಗೆಲಲೊಶವೆ
ವಿಸ್ತಾರಮಹಿಮ ನೀನೊಲಿದು ಕರುಣಿಸಲು
ದುಸ್ತರವೆಲ್ಲ ಸುಲಭವೋ
ಹಸ್ತಿವರದನ೦ಘ್ರಿಯಲಿ ಭಕ್ತಿಯನಿತ್ತು
ಸ್ವಸ್ಥಚಿತ್ತನ ಮಾಡೊ ಕರುಣಿ            || ೨ ||

ಗುರುವೆ ಕಾಮಿತ ಕಲ್ಪತರುವೆ ತ್ರಿಕಾಲಜ್ಞ   
ವರಯೋಗಿ ಅನಘ ನಿಸ್ಸ೦ಗ   
ದುರಿತ ಅಕಾಲಮೃತ್ಯುವಿನ ಗ೦ಟಲಗಾಣ   
ಪರಮಹ೦ಸರ ಕುಲತಿಲಕ   
ಮರುತಾ೦ತರ್ಗತ ಗುರುಗೋಪಾಲವಿಠ್ಠಲನ್ನ   
ಸರುವಸ್ಥಾನದಿ ಸಮದರ್ಶಿ   
ಕರವ ಮುಗಿದು ಬಿನ್ನೈಸುವೆ ಲಾಲಿಸಿ ವೇಗದಿ   
ಪೊರೆವ ಭಾರವು ನಿನ್ನದೊ ಕರುಣಿ        || ೩ ||

 

 

ಕರುಣಿಕಾಯೋ ರಾಘವೇ೦ದ್ರ ಗುರುವೆ

 

ಕರುಣಿಕಾಯೋ ರಾಘವೇ೦ದ್ರ ಗುರುವೆ
ನೆರೆನ೦ಬಿದವರ ಕಾಮಿತ ಕಲ್ಪತರುವೆ            || ಪ ||

ತೀರ್ಥ ಪಾದನ ಪಾದಪ೦ಕಜ ಭೃ೦ಗ   
ಧೂರ್ತವಾದಿ ಅ೦ಧ ತಿಮಿರ ಪತ೦ಗ   
ಕಾರ್ತ ಸ್ವರ ಲೋಷ್ಟ ಸಮಚಿತ್ತ ಸ೦ಗ   
ಆರ್ತಜನರ ಪಾಲ ಅತಿದಯಾಪಾ೦ಗ        || ೧ ||

ಚಪಲಚಿತ್ತರು ತಮ್ಮ ಜಪತಪದಿ೦ದು
ವಿಪರೀತ ಕರ್ಮ ಪೋಗುವುದು ಹೀಗೆ೦ದು
ಅಪಹಾಸವಲ್ಲದೆ ಇದು ಏನು ಚೆ೦ದು
ಕೃಪಣವತ್ಸಲ ಕಾಯೋ ಅತಿದಯಾಸಿ೦ಧು        || ೨ ||

ಫಲ ಬೇಡಿ ಸೇವೆ ಮಾಡುವ ದಾಸನಲ್ಲ   
ಫಲಕೆ ಸೇವೆಯ ಸ್ವೀಕರಿಸುವ ಸ್ವಾಮಿ ನೀನಲ್ಲ
ಹಲವು ಮಾತೇನು ಈ ವಿವರವನೆಲ್ಲ   
ತಿಳಿದ ಸರ್ವಜ್ಞರಿ೦ ಬಿನ್ನೆಸೊ ಸೊಲ್ಲ        || ೩ ||

ಸ್ವೋತ್ತಮರನಿಷ್ಟ ಪುಣ್ಯವು ನಿಜದಿ ಬ೦ದು
ಭೃತ್ಯರಾ ಸುಖಕೆ ಕಾರಣವಾಹುದೆ೦ದು
ಕ್ಲಿಪ್ತವಾಗಿದೆ ನಮಗೆ ಒಲಿದು ಭಕುತಿಯನಿ೦ದು
ಇತ್ತು ಪಾಲಿಸಬೇಕೋ ದೀನಜನಬ೦ಧು        ||೪ ||

ಮರುದ೦ಶ ಮಧ್ವಮತಾಬ್ಧಿ ಚ೦ದಿರನೆ   
ಪರಮಕಲ್ಯಾಣಗುಣರತ್ನರತ್ನಾಕರನೆ   
ದುರಿತ ಜೀಮೂತಕೆ ಚ೦ಡಮಾರುತನೆ   
ಸಿರಿ ಗುರುಗೋಪಾಲವಿಠ್ಠಲನ್ನ ಶರಣನೆ    ||೫||

 

 

ನಾಮದಾ ಘನತೆ ಸಲ್ಲೋದೆ

 

ನಾಮದಾ ಘನತೆ ನಿಮಗೆ ಸಲ್ಲೋದೆ
ಶ್ರೀಮ೦ತ ರಾಘವೇ೦ದ್ರ ಸ್ವಾಮಿ ಎ೦ತೆ೦ಬ        || ಪ ||

ಅಲವಬೋಧರ ಭಾಷ್ಯಾ೦ಬುಧಿಗೆ ಟೀಕೆಗಳೆ೦ಬ   
ಲಲಿತಸೇತುವೆ ಕಟ್ಟಿ ಹರಿದಾಸರ

 

   

 

 

ಸುಲಭದಿ೦ದೈದಿಸಿ ದಶಕರಣಗಳ ಜೈಸಿ   
ಒಲಿದೆ ಸವಿದೆ ವಿಷ್ಣುಜ್ಞಾನ ಪ್ರಕೃತಿಯನು           || ೧ ||

ಹಲವು ದುರ್ಮತ ವಾದಿಗಳೆ೦ಬಾದ್ರಿಗಳ
ಕುಲಿಶದಿ೦ದವರ ಪಕ್ಷ ಭೇದಿಸಿ
ಅಲವಬೋಧರ ಮತ ಅಮರಾವತಿಯಲಿ ನಿ-
ಶ್ಚಲ ಸಾಮ್ರಾಜ್ಯವನಾಳ್ದೆ – ಕವಿಗಳ ಪೊರೆದೆ          || ೨ ||

ಭಾಸುರ ಸಚ್ಚಾಸ್ತ್ರ ವದನದಿ ಒಪ್ಪುತ   
ಪೂಶರಜಯ ಶಕ್ತಿಯನೆ ಧರಿಸಿದೆ   
ವಾಸವ ಸಖ ಗುರುಗೋಪಾಲವಿಠ್ಠಲನ ದಾಸ   
ಶ್ರೀ ಸುಧೀ೦ದ್ರಕುಮಾರ ಸ್ವಾಮಿ ರಾಘವೇ೦ದ್ರ    || ೩ ||

 

As we can see, the songs are rich in melody and they have a charm of their own. The style too is unique. He studied shasthra under Sri Vyasathathvajna who was earlier known as Venkata Ramachar. No wonder, Dasappa’s works reflect his deep knowledge of the shastras.

The Nadi Taratamya


The Nadi or Nadee Taratamya Stotra by Raghavendra Swamy is in Sanskrit and it gives us the names of  many rivers such as Ganga, Cauvery and others in just eight slokas.

Raghavendra Swamy has said in the stotra that while bathing in these rivers, we must give argya to the Nadi Abhimaani Devaru or God. He says we should follow the hierarchy of rivers while giving argya. This is similar to Taratamya of gods.

Raghavendra Swamy has used words such as “nyunaa”, “adhamaa”, “hinaa”, “Unaa”, “nichaa”, in the composition and this has been summarized by him from the Brahmaanda

Purana..

In the Stotra, Raghavendra Swamy makes it clear that Ganga is the holiest among all the rivers and she is the first in the  hierarchy or Taratamya of rivers.

The Godavari comes second in Taratamya.With the exception of the Ganga, many of the rivers share the same Kakshya (In English, this word can be translated to mean class, abode, seat or place).  

 

Ganga

Madhava Roopa

Godavari

Veera Narayana Roopa

Krishnaveni

Janardhana Roopa

Swami Pushkarini

Varaha and  Srinivasa Roopa

Chandra Pushkarini

Vamana Roopa

Manasasarovara

Madhusudhana Roopa

Cauvery

Ranganatha Roopa

Saraswathi

Padmanabha Roopa

Sarayu

Rama Roopa

Tungabhadra

Varaha Roopa

Yamuna

Yamaputra Krishna Roopa

Narmada

Mahavishnu Roopa

Sindhu

Narayana Roopa

Bhavanashini

Narasimha Roopa

Kumadhwati

Trivikrama Roopa

Malaprabha

Janardhana Roopa

Tamraparni

Anantha Namaka Roopa

Bheemarathi

Sridara Roopa

Manjula

Hayagreeva Roopa

Pinakini

Keshava Roopa

 

The Dasa who saw Rayaru in Yoga Nidra


One of the few people who have been personally blessed and guided by Raghavendra Swamy or Rayaru (1595-1671) is Prasanna Venkata Dasa (1680-1752). Born as Venkanna in Bagalkot, he was guided by Rayaru in a dream to go to Tirupathi and seek the blessings of Lord Srinivasa.
It was in Tirupathi that Srinivasa inscribed the name or Ankita Prasanna Venkata Dasa on Venkanna’s tongue.
A rathger prolific composer, Prasanna Venkata Dasa has to his credit a variety of keertanas, scores of songs based on the Bhagavath Geetha and Indian epics and ancient religious texts, suladis and ugabhoga ( short poems). He has even authored some humorous poems such as Naradaru Korvani Vesha talda karitre.
This Dasa is better known for his compositions regarding the Bhagavata and other texts on Vishnu or Hari. One of his compositions “Samastnama manigana satkarana” is startlingly similar to Sri Visnusahasranama and here he eulogises Vishnu.
This saint-composer is one of the few to have seen Rayaru in Mantralaya. This incident goes back to the time when Prasanna Venkata Dasa was coming back home-Bagalkot in north Karnataka- after visiting Tirupathi.
The Dasa came to Mantralaya and he decided to have a darshana of the saint who had set him on course of preaching the tenets of Hari. He had his early morning bath in the Tungabhadra and came to the Brindavana of Rayaru after paying his respects to Manchalamma, the presiding goddess of Manchale or Mantralaya.
It was Brahmi muhurata and in Hindu religion, prayers offered in early morning is considered to be highly auspicious. Brahma or Brahmi muhurata begins at dawn and it can be considered to be the penultimate muhuarta of night. The concept of Brahmi is not new to religion. It also exists in Ayurveda which says, “Brahmi muhurte uttishtet swastho rakshaarthamayushah.” What this means is that getting up early would give us a lot of helth benefits and long life.
Coming back to the Dasa and his sojourn to Mantralaya, Prasanna Venkata was standing in front of the Moolabrindavana when he realised that Rayaru was in Yoga Nidra. Knowing that Sri Raghvendra Guruji was in the state of Yoga nidra (yogic sleep).This is a sleep-like state during meditation. Yoga nidra, which in Westen terminology, is called lucid sleeping is among the deepest possible states of relaxation while still maintaining full consciousness. Yoga nidra is conscious awareness of the deep sleep state and is called as prajna in Mandukya Upanishad..
Seeing Rayaru in Yoga Nidra, Prasanna Venkata Dasa instantly composed a keertana on him in Udayaraga:

“ Yelu Sri Gururaya Bellagaitindu

Dhooli Darshan Kodiri Yi Velle Shishyarige

Yellu Guru RaghavendraYellu Daya Guna Saandra

Yellu Kumuduke Chandra Sri Raghavendra ….. “

“ Ashegollagadeno Heshi Manujanu Nanu

Klesha Bhavasagaradollisutiheno

Yeshu Janmadi Yenna Gashi madidi Munna

Dsanaguve Toro Prasanna Venkata “.

Rayaru then blessed Prasanna Venkata Dasa and asked him to preach Madhwa or Dwaitha philosophy. Prasanna Venkata Dasa then continued his journey to Bagalkot, all the while preaching the glory of Hari and eulogising Rayaru.
Prasanna Venkata Dasa is also known as Kakhandki Dasa.